Do you know how to grow fruit trees? Here are some basic gardening tips.
Photo by Elizabeth Tr. Armstrong
A lushly blooming and fruit-bearing garden will aesthetically beautify any plot.
In addition, both adults and children love pears, peaches, cherries, and other fruits. And what could be better than fruit grown in your Sweet Garden?
To achieve the desired result, you need to think about all the details on which the yield depends.
As a rule, fruit trees give years of beautiful spring flowering and abundant fruiting. Apples, plums, pears, and other trees are not picky and grow well in different climatic conditions.
But if you want to grow fruit trees on your plot, there are important simple tips you should know. With them, your hobby of gardening will become much easier and more enjoyable.
Growing and caring for fruit trees
Choose fruit trees that can grow in your climate. Apples, pears, and cherries are fine even in northern regions, but peaches, for example, need a warm enough climate to grow successfully.
For successful growth, you need to know the following:
- Some fruit trees require a pollinator. That is, other tree varieties are selected that, when cross-pollinated, produce a significant increase in yield. But more often than not, fruit trees are self-sufficient.
- Early spring seedlings of fruit trees with bare roots are used, and at the end of the season, it is better to use seedlings previously planted in pots. Soil from the pot is removed along with the plant.
- The pit for planting should be dug the size of twice the diameter of the rhizome. The soil should have good drainage. It is better to place the seedling in the hole completely. It should also be filled with water and allowed to soak in.
- The sapling should be planted so that the soil reaches the same level as before digging.
- Next, you can hammer the stems into the soil around the peg and fix the plant upright with straps. This way you can ensure better rooting.
Also, keep in mind that all fruit trees like a lot of sunlight. And they should be placed in a suitable place.
Pesticide use and pest control
Timely detection of disease symptoms and prevention is the key to a healthy garden.
Keep in mind that:
- At the end of winter, spray trees with a solution of solar oil, which you can buy at specialized garden stores. This treatment will help prevent pests. The oil kills the larvae and eggs of pests that may have successfully overwintered on the plant.
- Carefully inspect each plant throughout the spring.
If you see signs of disease, take immediate action to control it.
Pruning fruit trees
Most beginning gardeners are afraid to prune trees on their own, considering this procedure extremely difficult and responsible. But you should not take pruning so seriously. The main thing in pruning is to form a normal crown and remove unnecessary branches.
Here are the points you need to know:
- At the end of the summer, after the harvest, trim the branches that stick out, trying to give the crown the right shape.
- Don’t forget to cut back any crossed or damaged branches. The same process can be repeated in late winter.
- In spring, when the fruit is set, the plants should be thinned. There will be less fruit, but it will be bigger and healthier. And the branches will not break from excessive weight.
If you don’t have room on your plot to grow full-sized fruit trees, consider dwarf and colony-shaped varieties. Follow the rules described above, so the seedlings will root well in your garden and enjoy a good harvest for many years.