How to reduce the possibility of getting cataracts?
Cataracts are one of the most common eye conditions in humans. They are also called “clouded lenses” because they cause vision to be blurry and hazy. At first, cataracts may not seem like a severe condition. But over time, they can lead to permanent damage or blindness if left untreated.
Yes, modern technology has simplified things, even though a lot of people are still looking for one-hour prescription glasses near me in order to get their prescription glasses online
But there’s more you can do to prevent cataracts from forming. Read on for five ways to reduce your risk of getting them.
What are cataracts?
Cataracts are changes in the eye’s lens that cause vision to become cloudy. As the lens becomes more and more opaque, it’s harder for light to pass through it. This leads to other problems with your eyes. These problems include not being able to see well enough to drive. Some people also find it hard to read without glasses or contacts.
Cataracts can develop slowly over time. That’s why you may not be noticeable until they’re severe enough that you need treatment.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
The most common symptom of cataracts is blurry vision. Other symptoms include:
- Halos around lights
- Cloudy, hazy, or foggier vision
- Double vision
- Colors appear faded or washed out
- Dry eyes or burning, itching eyes
The most common cause of cataracts is age-related changes in the lens. As you age, your eyes naturally produce fewer lysosomes that help keep the lens clear and strong.
As a result, proteins build up in your eye’s natural fluid (known as vitreous humor). These proteins clump together to form deposits—a cloudy mass called a cataract.
Types of cataracts
There are several types of cataracts. This includes:
This is the most common type of cataract. It forms in the center of your lens and causes cloudiness or haziness in your vision. The cloudiness begins at the center of your vision and spreads toward the edges.
This type of cataract forms in the lens cortex, or outer layer. It causes a brownish discoloration of your vision. You may also experience glare and halos around objects and double vision.
Posterior subcapsular cataracts
This type of cataract forms at the back of your lens. It causes a bluish discoloration of your vision. This happens mostly when you’re looking toward bright lights. You may notice ghostlike images around objects or halos around lights.
Anterior subcapsular cataracts
This type of cataract forms in the front part of your lens. It causes a yellowish discoloration of your vision. An injury to your eye can also cause an anterior subcapsular cataract.
These cataracts are present at birth and cause clouding of the lens. They are often diagnosed in infants and young children. These age groups can also experience vision problems in bright light.
A blunt force injury causes traumatic cataracts in your eye. They can also result from penetrating injuries, such as an eye poke or stab wound.
5 ways to reduce the possibility of getting cataracts
You can reduce your chances of getting cataracts by taking care of your eyes. Here are five ways to do that:
Have regular eye exams
An eye exam is essential, especially if you have a family history of vision problems or diabetes. An optometrist can spot abnormalities in your lens that could lead to cataracts.
Smoking is one of the worst things you can do for your eyes. It increases your risk of developing cataracts. It can also lead to other eye diseases, including age-related macular degeneration. You should also limit exposure to secondhand smoke.
Manage other health problems
Several health conditions increase your risk of getting cataracts. These include diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. If you have any of these conditions, ask your doctor about ways to manage them, so they don’t harm your eyes.
Wearing sunglasses is one of the best ways to protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays. Sunglasses with 100% UV protection can help reduce the risk of cataracts. You should also wear a hat with a wide brim to shield your face from direct sunlight.
Reduce alcohol use
People who drink alcohol have a higher risk of developing cataracts. Heavy drinkers are five times more likely to have cataracts than people who don’t drink. And suppose you have vision problems caused by cataracts. In that case, your doctor may suggest limiting alcohol use.
Cataracts are prevalent in older adults, but there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. You should have regular eye exams and take care of your eyes. These will help you maintain a good vision throughout your life.